When it comes to heating your home, there are a few different options to choose from. One of the most popular methods is central heating, a convenient and efficient way to keep your home warm. But does central heating use gas or electricity?
Central heating can use either gas or electricity as its power source, although some homes may have hybrid setups that use both. Natural gas is the most common fuel for central heating systems, followed by electricity.
This post will describe some of the ways to tell if your home has a gas or electric central heating system, as well as the pros and cons of each type. I’ll also provide tips for choosing the right one for your needs. Stay tuned!
How Do I Know if I Have a Gas or Electric Central Heating System?
To know if you have a gas or electric central heating system, check for a gas line. If you have a gas line, you have a gas heating system. If there is no gas line, you have an electric heating system.
In general, checking for a gas line is the easiest way to determine which type of heating system you have. However, that’s not the only way. Here’s a rundown of the different methods:
Check for a Gas Meter or Electrical Panel
One sure-fire way to know if your home has a gas central heating system is to check for a gas meter. If you have a natural gas line running into your home, you have a gas heating system.
If you’re unsure where to look for your gas meter, it’s usually located near the street on the side of your house. You may also find it in your basement or crawlspace. If there’s none, then you have an electric heating system.
On the other hand, if you suspect you have an electric heater, look for an electrical panel. That will be a metal box with circuit breakers inside. It should be located in your attic, utility closet, or basement.
Alternatively, you can trace your ductwork’s path back to the furnace. You have a gas central heating system if it’s a gas furnace. On the other hand, if it’s an electric furnace, you have an electric central heating system.
Look for Gas Appliances
Another way to tell if you have a gas central heating system is to look for other gas appliances in your home. If you have a gas stove, water heater, or dryer, then chances are your central heating system is also powered by gas.
In general, it’s more cost-effective to have all your gas appliances on the same line. So, if you have a natural gas line running into your home, it’s likely that your central heating system uses gas as well.
Look for a Blue Flame
If you can’t find your gas meter or electrical panel, another way to check is by looking for a blue flame. The flame is a telltale sign of a gas furnace.
Here’s how to do that:
- Go to your furnace and open the panel.
- If you see a blue flame, you have a gas central heating system. If not, you have an electric central heating system.
Check Your Energy Bills
Another way to determine whether you have a gas or electric central heating system is to check your energy bills. If you see charges for both gas and electricity, you might have a hybrid system that uses both types of fuel.
If you only see charges for electricity, you have an electric system. And if you only see costs for gas, you have a gas system.
Check the Furnace Label
If you’re still unsure, you can check the furnace label. You can find it on the front of the furnace, usually near the bottom.
The label contains crucial information about the furnace, including the model and serial numbers. It also has the manufacturer’s name and contact information.
In addition, the label should specify whether the furnace uses gas or electricity. If it’s a gas furnace, you have a gas central heating system. And if it’s an electric furnace, you have an electric central heating system.
Get an Inspection
If you’re still unsure which type of system you have, your best bet is to get a professional inspection. A qualified technician can take a look at your furnace and determine which type of fuel it uses.
Pro Tip: Besides knowing the type of heating system your central heating uses, it’s to get a professional service for the furnace each year. That way, you can prevent problems and keep your home comfortable all winter.
In addition, record any repair or maintenance work done on the machine. For starters, you can use this Maintenance Work Log (link to Amazon). It has over 300 pages for you to document when you last changed your furnace filter, had the system serviced, or did any repairs. As a result, it comes in handy when you need to track the maintenance of your system.
Electric vs. Gas Heating: Which Is Better?
Neither electric or gas heating is better than the other. Gas furnaces are more efficient and consume less power, but their up-front cost is higher, and they wear out faster than electric ones. Conversely, electric furnaces have low initial costs and last longer, but they’re less efficient.
To understand how the two energy sources stack up against each other, let’s look at their pros and cons:
The Pros of Gas Central Heating
- More efficient: Gas central heating takes a shorter time to heat a home than central electric heating. Because of that, it’s more effective during winter when temperatures outside are colder.
- Lower operating costs: Gas is cheaper than electricity, so it costs less to run a gas furnace.
- Better for the environment: According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, gas is a cleaner burning fossil fuel than coal, so it produces fewer carbon emissions.
The Cons of Gas Central Heating
- More expensive up-front: Gas furnaces cost more to install than electric ones.
- Shorter lifespan: Gas furnaces wear out faster than electric ones and need to be replaced every 15 to 20 years.
- Produces carbon monoxide: Gas furnaces produce carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas that can be deadly. That’s why having a carbon monoxide detector in your home is crucial.
The Pros of Electric Central Heating
- Cheaper up-front: Electric furnaces are less expensive to install than gas furnaces.
- Longer lifespan: Electric furnaces last longer than gas furnaces, with a lifespan of 20 to 30 years.
- No carbon monoxide: Because electric furnaces don’t use gas, they don’t produce carbon monoxide.
The Cons of Electric Central Heating
- More expensive to operate: Electric furnaces are more costly to run than gas furnaces because electricity is more expensive than gas.
- Longer heating time: Electric furnaces take longer to heat a home than gas furnaces. That’s because it takes longer for electricity to heat the elements in an electric furnace than it does for gas to heat the elements in a gas furnace.
Tips for Choosing the Right Central Heating
Now that you know the ways to check if you have a gas or electric central heating system and the pros and cons of each type, you can make an informed decision about which is right for your home.
After all, not every home is the same, and what works for one might not work for another. Here are some tips to help you choose the best central heating system for your needs:
Choose Gas if You Live in an Extremely Cold Area
Are you living in an area with a mild or cold climate? If you have a temperate climate, then electric central heating might be a better option for you since it’s cheaper to operate.
But if you live in an area with an extremely cold climate, then gas central heating might be a better option because it’s more efficient and will heat your home faster.
Choose Gas if You Need Lower Operating Costs
If you want to save money on your energy bills, then gas central heating might be the way to go. Gas is generally cheaper than electricity, so you’ll likely see a decrease in your energy bills if you switch to gas central heating.
As I mentioned, gas central heating is more efficient than electric central heating, so you’ll use less energy overall.
Choose Electric if You Want a Safer System
If you’re worried about carbon monoxide poisoning, electric central heating is the way to go. Electric furnaces don’t produce carbon monoxide, so you won’t have to worry about this deadly gas in your home.
Besides, since these systems don’t use gas, they’re less likely to explode than gas furnaces.
Choose Electric if You Want a Longer Lasting System
If you want a central heating system that will last longer, then electric is the way to go. That way, you won’t have to worry about replacing your furnace often.
However, ensure you get a warranty for your electric furnace to cover any potential repairs due to manufacturer defects. That way, you’ll be covered if anything goes wrong with your system.
Extra Tip: If you’re still unsure which central heating system is suitable for your home, it’s time to get professional help. HVAC contractors can help you determine the best system for your needs and budget. They can also help you install the system in your home.
That said, be sure to watch the following video before choosing a heating system for your home:
The Bottom Line
There are many ways to tell if you have a gas or electric central heating system. You can look for gas lines and appliances, look for electric panels, check your utility bills, and get an inspection, to mention a few.
Once you know which type of system you have, you can decide if it’s the right one for your needs. If you need to switch, ensure you consult a professional to help you choose and install the right system for your home.